Eastern hophornbeam, Ironwood
4-5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide; conelike hanging clusters composed of many flattened, small egg-shaped brown nutlet, each within a swollen egg-shaped flattened light brown comver that is papery and sacklike
Most common on dry-mesic and mesic valley bottoms and lower slopes; understory of upland hardwood forests
Full shade to full sun
The wood is strong, hard, tough, and durable, suitable for tool handles, fenceposts, and small wooden articles.
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